Preventing Illegal Wildlife TradeFebruary 18, 2019
Hunting wild animals remains extremely lucrative world wide. This is because unlike keeping pet animals, poultry and livestock where the animal owner has to provide food for the animals , take care of their health, protect them, in case of wild animals the hunter does not have to pay any expenses for the grown up animal at all. Once the hunter will kill or capture the animal, all the profit from the sale of the dead or live animal goes to the hunter. Hence due to hunting, destruction of their natural habitat, development and other factors, the number of animals of different species has greatly reduced. To prevent further killing of wild animals many states like Idaho have legislation restricting illegal wildlife trade.
The number of wild animals of different species varies to a very great extent, and it is noticed that animals which have commercial value are more likely to be hunted. So naturalists and wildlife experts are making a list of animals of different species in the area, and if the numbers of a particular species is low, these animals are considered endangered. The government of state and center will usually restrict or prohibit trading in these animals whether alive or dead. There are many categories of endangered animals depending on the number of animals still living in the wild.
Trading and penalties
Many wild animals are kept as pets by private collectors in their private zoos as a hobby and status symbol. They are also hunted for their skin,meat, nails, tail and other body parts. The skin is used for decor, making clothes, bags, shoes, meat is consumed as food, and both the meat and other body parts are used for traditional medicines. To prevent the killing of more animals, the government has enforced penalties for those who are killing and trading in endangered species. The penalty depends on the animal, and varies from fines to imprisonment of the hunter,poacher, person trading in wild animals.